Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

What year was EMDR discovered?

1977 1989 1987 1991

_________ discovered that eye movements aids in emotional desensitization.

Francine Shapiro Sigmund Freud Carl Jung Jean Piaget

Which of the following is TRUE about Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing?

It is a form of psychotherapy designed to reduce trauma-related stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms associated with PTSD It is capable of improving overall mental health functioning. A only Both a and b

__________ is the framework of the EMDR approach emphasizing that all people have physiologically based information processing system, similar to other body systems.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Psychodynamic Integrative frameworks Adaptive Information Processing

What are the three main points that AIP model elucidates?

The pathophysiological basis of disease Successful prediction of clinical outcomes Case conceptualization and treatment procedures direction All of the above

This refers to how a client pays attention to external and internal stimuli.

Dual attention stimuli Dichotic stimuli Aversive stimulation Afferent stimuli

This refers to rapid eye movements of the eyes that abruptly change point of fixation. 

Smooth pursuits movements Vergence movements Vestibulo-ocular movements Saccades

It is described as the heightened alertness then exploratory behavior in the face of no threat in which cognitive processes become more flexible and efficient.

Enhanced memory retrieval Taxing of Working Memory Investigatory reflex Increased interhemispheric EEG coherence

This treatment phase involves conducting an interview to evaluate the patient’s presenting issues, self-soothing skills, and readiness for reprocessing, and to develop treatment goals.

Phase 2-Preparation Phase 1- History-Taking Phase 3- Assessment Phase 4- Desensitization

This stage involves reprocessing the target memory network by activating related channels of association.

Phase 2-Preparation Phase 1- History-Taking Phase 3- Assessment Phase 4- Desensitization

This stage involves strengthening and enhancing associations to positive memory networks are put into place.

Phase 5- Installation Phase 6- Body Scan Phase 7- Closure Phase 8- Reevaluation

This stage reprocesses any residual manifestations of the memory and involves accessing the memory and the positive cognition (belief), scanning the body, and reprocessing any sensations.

Phase 5- Installation Phase 6- Body Scan Phase 7- Closure Phase 8- Reevaluation

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is commonly viewed as a amalgam or integration of cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, and unique focus on eye movements.

True False

Reactive eye dilation desensitization and reprocessing or REDDR utilizes a black box with a flashing light known as_______.

Pen light Lamp Opticator Laser light

The following statements are true about the efficacy of EMDR as a form of treatment in certain disorders, EXCEPT?

EMDR may not be most effective in treating anxiety disorders from traumatic experience. EMDR is effective in treating anxiety disorders because it is mainly used to treat distressing memories and associated pathologies. There is a wealth of evidence that EMDR therapy is effective at treating specific phobias. Research into EMDR treatment for phobias, panic disorder, and agoraphobia has failed to uncover solid empirical support for these applications.

This EMDR treatment component refers to the simultaneous attention to the event’s image, the associated negative belief, and the accompanying physical sensations may help establish initial connections between various elements of the traumatic memory, thereby initiating information processing.

Consciousness Association without restriction Interconnection of memory components Repeated exposure to and rejection of traumatic imagery

The clinical literature on EMDR suggests that disorders may be exacerbated by the extreme levels of emotions associated with reprocessing. Which of the following contraindications should clinicians look out for:

Pregnancies Seizures Neurological problems All of the above

Of the many ethical considerations, _______ for therapy is essential and mandated.

Informed consent Plans for handling problems with technology Billing and payment guidelines Insurance coverage

In this particular guideline, clinicians are advised to use additional screening and assessment tools to build strong attunement within the therapeutic relationships which includes building an alliance with a client’s adult ego state to ensure contact with a client to handle technical problems or to check in on unexpected or unclear processing, especially during an EMDR session.

Technical considerations Infrastructure Relational attunement Preparation and training

It is imperative that clinicians must plan ahead for potential crises. In this particular scenario, the clinician will want to build a strong therapeutic relationship in advance of phases 3-7 especially and develop a plan in agreement with the client.

Abreaction Dissociation Intake of Psychotropic drugs Pregnancy